Messier 34 and little planetary nebula PK 144-15.1

Messier 34 (NGC 1039) is a bright, large open cluster located in the northern constellation Perseus. The cluster lies at an approximate distance of 1,500 light-years from Earth and has an apparent magnitude of 5.5. Messier 34 is a relatively young star cluster, with an estimated age of between 200 and 250 million years. At least 19 stars in M34 are white dwarfs, stellar remnants with a mass about the same as the Sun and a size comparable to that of the Earth.

Also worth mentioning is the little blue-green planetary nebula PK 144-15.1 (PN A66 4 or Abell 4) on the extreme left of the picture. I wasn’t aware of this nebula and almost put it outside of the frame. Abell 4 is a small nebula, only 22 arcsec across , and although it is one of the brighter Abell objects, it has a low surface brightness of magnitude 12.4.

Messier 34

Telescope: 16″ f3.75 Dream Scope
Camera: FLI ML16803
Mount: ASA DDM85
Exposure: 3.5 hours (18x300s L + 3x8x300s RGB)
Date: October 2018
Location: Southern Alps, France

 

Annotated version

 

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